The original concept behind the first Volkswagen, the company, and its name, is the notion of a people’s car—a car affordable and practical enough for common people to own. Hence the name, which is literally “people’s car.”
As the 1960s came to a close, Volkswagen faced increasingly stiff competition from European and Japanese cars
Although designed in the 1930s, due to World War II, civilian Beetles only began to be produced in significant numbers by the end of the 1940s. The car was then internally designated the Volkswagen Type 1, and marketed simply as the Volkswagen.